How to Change or Assign a Static IP Address in Windows 7, 8, 10 or Vista

If you have a home network with several computes and devices, it’s a good idea to assign each of them a specific address. If you use DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), each computer will request and be assigned an address every time it’s booted up. When you have to do troubleshooting on your network, it’s annoying going to each machine to figure out what IP they have.

Using Static IPs prevents address conflicts between devices and allows you to manage them more easily. Assigning IPs to Windows is essentially the same process, but getting to where you need to be varies between each version.

Windows 7 or Windows 8.x or Windows 10

1) To change the computer’s IP address in Windows, type network and sharing into the Search box in the Start Menu and select Network and Sharing Center when it comes up. If you are in Windows 8.x it will be on the Start Screen itself, like the screenshot at the top of this article. If you’re in Windows 7 or 10 it’ll be in the start menu.
1start menu
2) Then when the Network and Sharing Center opens, click on Change adapter settings. This will be the same on Windows 7 or 8.x or 10.
2adapter
3) Right-click on your local adapter and select Properties.
3local area connection
4) In the Local Area Connection Properties window highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)then click the Properties button.
4properties
5) Now select the radio button Use the following IP address and enter in the correct IP, Subnet mask, and Default gateway that corresponds with your network setup. Then enter your Preferred and Alternate DNS server addresses. Here we’re on a home network and using a simple Class C network configuration and Google DNS.
Check Validate settings upon exit so Windows can find any problems with the addresses you entered. When you’re finished click OK.
5entersettings
6) Now close out of the Local Area Connections Properties window.
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7) Windows will run network diagnostics and verify the connection is good. Here we had no problems with it, but if you did, you could run the network troubleshooting wizard.
7verify
8) Now you can open the command prompt and do an ipconfig  to see the network adapter settings have been successfully changed.
8verify

Windows Vista
  1. Changing your IP from DHCP to a Static address in Vista is similar to Windows 7, but getting to the correct location is a bit different. Open the Start Menu, right-click on Network, and select Properties.

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2. The Network and Sharing Center opens…click on Manage network connections.
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3. Right-click on the network adapter you want to assign an IP address and click Properties.
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4. Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click the Properties button.
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5. Now change the IP, Subnet mask, Default Gateway, and DNS Server Addresses. When you’re finished click OK.
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6. You’ll need to close out of Local Area Connection Properties for the settings to go into effect.
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7. Open the Command Prompt and do an ipconfig to verify the changes were successful.
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