Darknet : Internet beneath the Internet ; Beginner's guide

"I know everything about Internet" - A particular saying of almost everyone on the internet without knowing what they don't know. 
The Internet we use, I mean all use, they tend to use the whole Internet. But what they don't know is... The internet they are using is just the 5% of everything there. 
All that can be searched and used is just 5%, rest all is hidden. Hidden from the world, from it's netizens. 
Now the question arises what is this, hidden from most? Why is it so? How can we use it?




So let's start this interesting, and slightly dangerous "Darknet"

Most people are confused about what exactly the darknet is. Firstly, it is sometimes confused with the deep web, a term that refers to all parts of the Internet which cannot be indexed by search engines and so can't be found through Google, Bing, Yahoo, and so forth. Experts believe that the deep web is hundreds of times larger than the surface web (i.e., the Internet you get to via browsers and search engines).

It includes large databases, libraries, and members-only websites that are not available to the general public. Mostly, it is composed of academic resources maintained by universities.

Being unindexed, it cannot be comprehensively searched in its entirety, and so many deep web index projects fail and disappear, not visible from Google, Bing, Ask, etc. Some of its search engines include Ahmia.fi, DuckDuckGo, Deep Web Technologies, TorSearch, and Freenet.

Though it's contents are not accessible through search engines, but it's something more: The anonymous Internet. Within the dark net, both web surfers and website publishers are entirely anonymous. Whilst large government agencies are theoretically able to track some people within this anonymous space, it is very difficult, requires a huge amount of resources, and isn't always successful.

While government agencies all over the world uses it to transfer highly confidential information and is able to track some peoples in this anonymous world, it is very difficult, complicated and sometimes not successful too.

So it means people can access it, but how? 

Well for this world of anonymity Onion is used to access and use it. Onion, basically Tor networks keep you anonymous online.
Normally, when accessing the pedestrian Internet, your computer directly accesses the server hosting the website you are visiting. In an onion network, this direct link is broken, and the data is rather bounced around a number of intermediaries before reaching its faithful destination. The communication registers your working on the network, but the transport medium is prevented from knowing who is doing the communication.



Who Uses the Darknet ?

As far as expected, the onion network architecture of the darknet was originally developed by the military—the US Navy to be precise. Military, government, and law enforcement organisations are still amongst the chief users of the anonymous Internet. This is because ordinary internet browsing can reveal your location, and even if the content of your communications is well-encrypted, people can still easily see who is talking to whom and potentially where they are located.

It's also very popular amongst journalists and political-issue bloggers especially those living in countries where censorship and political imprisonment are commonplace. Online anonymity allows these people, as well as whistleblowers and information-leakers, to communicate with sources and publish information freely without fear of retribution.
Activists and revolutionaries also use the darknet so that they can organise themselves without fear of giving away their position to the governments they oppose. Of course, this also ensures that terrorists, hackers, crackers also use it for the same reasons, and so do the darknet's most publicized users—criminals.


Accessing The DarkNet

Accessing the darkweb is quite easy. The most popular and easy way to do it is using a service called Tor(or TOR), which stands for The Onion Router. Although technically-savvy users can find a multitude of different ways to configure and use Tor, it can also be as simple as installing a new browser. Two damn clicks from the Tor website and you are done, and ready to access the anonymous darknet. The browser itself is built on top of the Firefox browser's open-source code, so anybody who has ever used Firefox will find the Tor browser familiar and easy to use.
Tor is primarily a ‘privacy network’ which lets people use the regular internet without being tracked.


In addition to this enhanced privacy for web browsers, TOR also offers a way for people to host ‘hidden services’. A TOR hidden service is  a website or app of some kind whose location is hidden in exactly the same way that the true location or identity of web browsers is hidden by TOR in the example above. These hidden services can only be accessed by other TOR users – not by regular search engines or regular internet users. You can recognize them by their address – it will end in .onion and is often composed of a seemingly random string of characters. Once you have TOR installed on your computer or mobile phone you can visit these hidden services, which include the infamous dark markets where bitcoin, drugs and hacked credit card details, guns are ubiquitous, in exactly the same way that you would access a regular website.

Easiest method -
1)download TOR
2)Use a VPN for added anonymity (optional)
3)Surf the Darknet via search engines (DuckDuckGO – http://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/) or directories



Using a VPN with Tor

Virtual Private Networks or VPNs are another kind of privacy software which masks your IP address (hiding who you are) but do not allow you to access hidden deep web sites.
Some users make use of a VPN in addition to Tor, in order to hide the fact that they are using Tor. This is not necessary, but some people just want that extra level of privacy.

The Ultimate Bitcoin

The darknet's large criminal marketplaces are well known. Here, you can buy everything from drugs to assassinations. One of the first sites I came across purported to be run by a hit man offering his services to anyone willing to pay. Personally, I don't believe it. This site was probably set up as either a police sting or by a conman who will just take your money and run (there are many, many times more scammers pretending to sell illegal items than there are people genuinely selling illegal stuff in places like this).
All of these businesses accept only bitcoins because they can be used to conduct entirely anonymous transactions.

Advice : Just a slight help

Anyone can access this hidden internet very easily, but if you decide to go exploring please be very careful. There is a lot of unsavory content as well as a large number of criminals. Don't just click links without thinking about where you might end up, what you might see, or whom you might meet. And being careful can also save you from getting caught up by FBI.




Image sources - PurchForbesimgMartinfowler
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